Theme 1. Rural Development:
In Myanmar, poverty is conspicuously more prevalent in rural areas. The number of poor people is 6.7 times higher in rural areas than urban areas, and those residing in rural areas make up an overwhelming majority (87 percent) of the nation’s poor. The incidence of negative shocks such as high prices for food, serious illnesses/injuries, low prices for agricultural output, and climate-related disasters (floods and very heavy rain/hail) is even higher for those living in rural areas. Electrification challenges still lie ahead in expanding connections in rural areas, where 63 percent of households are situated in villages that are not yet connected to the public grid. What is your solution to rural development challenges faced by Myanmar?
Theme 2. Education:
In Myanmar, universities and vocational schools are the two least accessible services among a range of basic services, with 1.7 percent of poor households having university access (1.9 percent of non-poor households) and 1.1 percent of poor households having access to vocational training (1.3 percent of non-poor). Six out of 10 people reside in households with a head who has no schooling or has completed only primary education or below. Computers are not yet widely used – one in thirty households (3.3 percent) report owning a computer at the union level, with computer ownership three times higher than the national average in Yangon (10.9 percent). A gender gap is seen in mobile phone and internet usage, with women less likely to report internet and mobile phone usage. What is your solution to education challenges faced by Myanmar?
Theme 3. Hints for Climate Change:
Myanmar consistently ranks in the top 3 out of 187 countries affected by climate change. We are already experiencing increasing temperatures, total rainfall, sea level rise with accompanying coastal flooding, and extreme weather events with accompanying natural disasters. There was net forest loss of 11% during 1990-2010, and annual Green House Gas (GHG) emissions are about 198 million tonnes CO2e from deforestation and 844,000 tonnes from forest degradation. The lack of electrification and the use of environmentally unfriendly fuels contribute to deforestation and indoor air pollution. Myanmar ranks 157th out of 178 countries for household air quality, which disproportionately affects women and children. Coverage of protected marine areas as a proportion of total marine areas is 0.05% for Myanmar, lower than the average of 2.3% for other South-east Asian countries and the 8.4% world average. What is your solution to climate change challenges faced by Myanmar?
More Hints for SDGs here!
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a set of 17 global goals we aim to achieve by 2030 to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. Myanmar’s delegation at the international summit on the SDGs stated that “Myanmar will redouble its effort to achieve sustainable development by mainstreaming the SDGs in its national development agenda”.